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JSON Objects


Object Syntax

Example

{ “name”:”John”, “age”:30, “car”:null }

JSON objects are surrounded by curly braces {}.

JSON objects are written in key/value pairs.

Keys must be strings, and values must be a valid JSON data type (string, number, object, array, boolean or null).

Keys and values are separated by a colon.

Each key/value pair is separated by a comma.


Accessing Object Values

You can access the object values by using dot (.) notation:

Example

myObj = { “name”:”John”, “age”:30, “car”:null };
x = myObj.name;

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You can also access the object values by using bracket ([]) notation:

Example

myObj = { “name”:”John”, “age”:30, “car”:null };
x = myObj[“name”];

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Looping an Object

You can loop through object properties by using the for-in loop:

Example

myObj = { “name”:”John”, “age”:30, “car”:null };
for (x in myObj) {
document.getElementById(“demo”).innerHTML += x;
}

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In a for-in loop, use the bracket notation to access the property values:

Example

myObj = { “name”:”John”, “age”:30, “car”:null };
for (x in myObj) {
document.getElementById(“demo”).innerHTML += myObj[x];
}

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Nested JSON Objects

Values in a JSON object can be another JSON object.

Example

myObj = {
“name”:”John”,
“age”:30,
“cars”: {
“car1″:”Ford”,
“car2″:”BMW”,
“car3″:”Fiat”
}
}

You can access nested JSON objects by using the dot notation or bracket notation:

Example

x = myObj.cars.car2;
//or:
x = myObj.cars[“car2”];

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Modify Values

You can use the dot notation to modify any value in a JSON object:

Example

myObj.cars.car2 = “Mercedes”;

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You can also use the bracket notation to modify a value in a JSON object:

Example

myObj.cars[“car2”] = “Mercedes”;

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Delete Object Properties

Use the delete keyword to delete properties from a JSON object:

Example

delete myObj.cars.car2;

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