JSONP is a method for sending JSON data without worrying about cross-domain issues.
JSONP does not use the XMLHttpRequest object.
JSONP uses the <script> tag instead.
JSONP stands for JSON with Padding.
Requesting a file from another domain can cause problems, due to cross-domain policy.
Requesting an external script from another domain does not have this problem.
JSONP uses this advantage, and request files using the script tag instead of the XMLHttpRequest object.
The file on the server wraps the result inside a function call:
The result returns a call to a function named “myFunc” with the JSON data as a parameter.
Make sure that the function exists on the client.
The function named “myFunc” is located on the client, and ready to handle JSON data:
The example above will execute the “myFunc” function when the page is loading, based on where you put the script tag, which is not very satisfying.
The script tag should only be created when needed:
Create and insert the <script> tag when a button is clicked:
The examples above are still very static.
Make the example dynamic by sending JSON to the php file, and let the php file return a JSON object based on the information it gets.
$conn = new mysqli(“myServer”, “myUser”, “myPassword”, “Northwind”);
$result = $conn->query(“SELECT name FROM “.$obj->$table.” LIMIT “.$obj->$limit);
$outp = array();
$outp = $result->fetch_all(MYSQLI_ASSOC);
The “myFunc” function will be called from the php file:
When you have no control over the server file, how do you get the server file to call the correct function?
Sometimes the server file offers a callback function as a parameter:
The php file will call the function you pass as a callback parameter: