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SQL EXISTS Operator


The SQL EXISTS Operator

The EXISTS operator is used to test for the existence of any record in a subquery.

The EXISTS operator returns true if the subquery returns one or more records.

EXISTS Syntax

SELECT column_name(s)
FROM table_name
WHERE EXISTS
(SELECT column_name FROM table_name WHERE condition);

Demo Database

Below is a selection from the “Products” table in the Northwind sample database:

ProductID ProductName SupplierID CategoryID Unit Price
1 Chais 1 1 10 boxes x 20 bags 18
2 Chang 1 1 24 – 12 oz bottles 19
3 Aniseed Syrup 1 2 12 – 550 ml bottles 10
4 Chef Anton’s Cajun Seasoning 2 2 48 – 6 oz jars 22
5 Chef Anton’s Gumbo Mix 2 2 36 boxes 21.35

And a selection from the “Suppliers” table:

SupplierID SupplierName ContactName Address City PostalCode Country
1 Exotic Liquid Charlotte Cooper 49 Gilbert St. London EC1 4SD UK
2 New Orleans Cajun Delights Shelley Burke P.O. Box 78934 New Orleans 70117 USA
3 Grandma Kelly’s Homestead Regina Murphy 707 Oxford Rd. Ann Arbor 48104 USA
4 Tokyo Traders Yoshi Nagase 9-8 Sekimai Musashino-shi Tokyo 100 Japan

SQL EXISTS Examples

The following SQL statement returns TRUE and lists the suppliers with a product price less than 20:

Example

SELECT SupplierName
FROM Suppliers
WHERE EXISTS (SELECT ProductName FROM Products WHERE SupplierId = Suppliers.supplierId AND Price < 20);

Try it Yourself »

The following SQL statement returns TRUE and lists the suppliers with a product price equal to 22:

Example

SELECT SupplierName
FROM Suppliers
WHERE EXISTS (SELECT ProductName FROM Products WHERE SupplierId = Suppliers.supplierId AND Price = 22);

Try it Yourself »